Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) – is a hormonal imbalance that affects women. Women with PCOS create more male hormones than usual. This hormonal imbalance leads their bodies to skip menstruation periods, making it more difficult for women to become pregnant. An early diagnosis from the best gynaecology hospital in Kukatpally ensures the balance of hormones and overall health.
Baldness and the growth of face and body hair are both enhanced by PCOS. Additionally, it may exacerbate chronic health conditions, including diabetes and heart disease. The symptoms and hormone imbalance can be corrected with birth control tablets and diabetes drugs (which address insulin resistance, a defining feature of PCOS).
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent hormonal disorder. It is responsible for irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, acne, and infertility. People with PCOS may be predisposed to specific health issues such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
PCOS, in most cases, is the common cause of female infertility. It can also put you at risk for various health problems. Your healthcare provider can cure PCOS based on your symptoms and whether or not you intend to have children.
Symptoms of PCOS
PCOS can impact a woman at any age following puberty. Most people seek professional help when trying to get pregnant in their 20s or 30s. If you are overweight or obese, or if other people in your family have PCOS, you are more likely to get it. Here are a few symptoms of PCOS:
Hair Growth in Unwanted Areas
It is called “hirsutism”(pronounced HUR-soo-tiz-uhm). Unwanted hair may be grown on your face, chin, breasts, stomach, and even thumbs and toes. Loss of hair Women with PCOS may experience thinning hair on their heads, which may worsen as they age.
Acne or Oily Skin
PCOS-related hormonal alterations might result in oily skin and acne. (Of course, you can have similar skin issues without having PCOS.)
Darkening of Skin
You might discover thick, black, velvety skin patches under your arms or breasts, on the back of your neck, or in the region of your groin. Acanthosis nigricans is the name for this condition.
Troubled Sleeping and Fatigue
You might have difficulty falling asleep and might be suffering from sleep apnea. This means you do not wake up feeling rested even when you sleep.
The surge of hormones that causes PCOS can also produce headaches.
PCOS can cause significant abnormalities in the menstrual cycle, including extremely heavy bleeding and frequent periods.
Your period could be irregular or absent altogether.
Trouble getting pregnant
If your cycles are irregular, getting pregnant can be difficult. PCOS is one of the most prevalent causes of infertility.
Approximately 50% of PCOS women struggle with weight gain or have difficulties shedding weight. PCOS can cause significant weight gain. Furthermore, being overweight can complicate PCOS symptoms. Even a few pounds lost may enhance the time of your periods. Losing weight can be a clever method to maintain healthy cholesterol and blood sugar levels, which are vital if you have PCOS.
Causes of PCOS
There is no known cause for PCOS. Weight loss and early treatment could reduce the chance of long-term consequences like type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Excess androgen production has been associated with genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation. The following are some of the primary causes of PCOS:
According to studies, PCOS runs in families. There are probably multiple genes involved in the illness, not just one.
Women with PCOS can develop insulin resistance in up to 70% of cases, which prevents their cells from adequately utilizing Insulin. The pancreas secretes the hormone insulin to facilitate the body’s utilization of dietary sugar for energy.
The body requires more Insulin when cells can’t adequately use it. To make up for this, the pancreas produces extra Insulin. The ovaries create more male hormones in response to increased insulin levels.
Insulin resistance has a tangible link to obesity. Your risk of type 2 diabetes can be increased by weight and insulin resistance.
Inflammation is frequently elevated in the bodies of PCOS women. Inflammation can also be exacerbated by being overweight. Studies have connected elevated testosterone levels to increased inflammation.
No one test can accurately identify polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The symptoms, medications, and other medical conditions will probably be discussed first with your doctor. Your doctor might also inquire about your menstrual cycle and any weight fluctuations. It is essential to look for acne, insulin resistance, and excessive hair growth indicators during a physical test.
During a pelvic exam, your healthcare professional might look for lumps, growths, or other changes in your reproductive organs.
Hormone levels can be determined via blood tests. This testing can rule out other reasons for irregular menstruation or androgen excess that resemble PCOS. Other blood tests may be performed, such as those to check your triglyceride and cholesterol levels after a fast. Your body’s reaction to sugar can be measured with a glucose tolerance test (glucose).
The ovaries’ condition and the thickness of the uterus lining can be examined with an ultrasound. Your vagina receives a transducer, which resembles a wand. Sound waves are emitted by the transducer and are converted into visuals on a computer screen.
If you have PCOS, you may get blood glucose and cholesterol test. Doctors often do tests such as Lipid profiles, Glucose tests, and Insulin to check on your overall health and chance of having other conditions.
In addition to lowering your risk of long-term health problems, including diabetes and heart disease, treatments can help you manage PCOS symptoms. You and your doctor should discuss your objectives to develop a treatment strategy. For instance, if you’re trying to conceive but have problems, your treatment would be focused on that. Skin issues would be the focus of your treatment if you wanted to control acne caused by PCOS.
Your doctor could advise weight loss by following a low-calorie diet and moderate exercise. Your disease might improve with a slight weight loss, like 5% of your current body weight. Losing weight can assist with infertility and may boost the effectiveness of PCOS drugs prescribed by your doctor. You can decide on the ideal weight-loss strategy with the help of your doctor and a qualified dietician.
Hormonal Birth Control
Birth control methods include tablets, patches, needles, vaginal rings, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). Hormonal birth control aids acne improvement, excess hair growth reduction, and menstrual cycle regulation.
The medication metformin is used to treat diabetes. It functions by boosting insulin metabolism in your body. Some PCOS sufferers experience improvements in their menstrual cycles once Insulin is under control.
Medications to Block Androgen
Some medications can prevent androgens from working—this aids in reducing acne or hair development brought on by PCOS. See if they are a good fit for you by speaking with your healthcare physician.
The Final Word
There is no known solution to stop PCOS. However, you can lessen your symptoms by making tiny changes. You can prevent the effects of PCOS, for instance, by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising frequently, and eating a balanced diet accompanied with timely checkups from the best gynecology hospital in kukatpally. You can control the symptoms, reduce your risk of developing additional health concerns, and get pregnant with the support of lifestyle modifications and medication therapies.
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