More than 10 million Indian population gets diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes each year, making it the most common condition. The primary reason for such a high figure is that Type 2 Diabetes shows very mild symptoms, so we often fail to recognize it.
Hence, this article includes all the minor to significant symptoms that can alert you beforehand about your body’s deteriorating condition.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Naturally, our body cells require insulin to take in glucose. But in diabetic cases, the body either stops producing insulin or prevents its reach to the body’s cell. So, the glucose remains unabsorbed and keeps on adding in our blood. And this makes our blood sugar level goes higher than usual, giving out symptoms.
Here are the most common symptoms you will face if you are a diabetic person.
1. Frequent peeing
On average, a healthy person pees six to eight times a day, which sometimes can become ten times for excess water intake. But if you have Diabetes, that is blood sugar level escalates, the kidney fails to keep up with the extra amount of glucose and allows some of it to pass through urine. This makes you urinate more frequently.
2. Feeling thirsty
While your body tries to excrete excess glucose through urine, you need more fluid intake to fill the extra water loss. Thus, you will feel more thirsty than usual.
3. Always Hungry
Our digestive system breaks food into glucose, which gets absorbed by the cell to produce energy. But when your body lacks insulin, the glucose can’t get soaked. This is why your body asks for more fuel (food) to do work, making you always feel hungry.
4. Feeling tired
When your body cells don’t get enough glucose, your body lacks the energy to do work no matter how much you eat. This makes you feel tired.
5. Weight loss
An unexplained weight loss is also an early diabetic sign. Though you eat a lot to appease your hunger, the food can’t get absorbed by the body cells. So, the body keeps using the stored energy to do regular work, causing unplanned weight loss.
6. Vision blurriness
Excess glucose in the blood harms the tiny blood vessels in the eye, causing your vision too blurry. This haziness can affect one or both the eye for a small-time and can go and come back again.
But if the diabetic person keeps ignoring the symptom and delays the treatment, the damages can be more severe. It can even lead to partial to complete loss of visions.
7. Wounds and cuts heal slowly
The presence of excess sugar in the blood narrows the vessels, preventing sufficient nutrients and oxygen flow in the blood. This delays the repair process, keeping the wounds and cuts open for more extended periods. As a result, infection risk also increases.
8. Numbness or pain in limbs
Excess glucose in the blood damages the nerves and affects the healthy blood circulation of your body. So, sometimes your feet, toes, hands, and fingers lack the proper blood flow. This gives you the feeling of numbness or minute pain or tingling sensation.
This sign usually appears after a few years of suffering from Diabetes and is among the first symbols to alert you about your health.
9. Developing skin patches
Medically known as acanthosis nigricans, this skin condition shows up when your blood glucose level exceeds the standard limit. In this symptom, dark velvety and soft skin patches develop that gradually thickens. They usually occur in the folds of the neck, groin, or armpit.
This is another early symptom to caution you.
10. Yeast infections
The yeast feeds on body glucose, and an excess amount makes them thrive. The most affected areas are moist areas of skin like the mouth, genital area, and armpits. In women, the yeast can also affect the area under the breast.
Usually, this yeast infection makes the infected area too dry and itchy, causing it to redden and sore.
Who is more prone to Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a more common and risky type of Diabetes because it shows very mild symptoms after affecting you for a few years. So, early diagnosis of this chronic disease becomes difficult. Therefore, you must be careful if you fall under any of the following categories.
- You are a middle-aged or older person (around 45 years or more)
- You have an obesity problem
- You spent most of the time sitting
- You have high blood pressure
- You have an unhealthy diet routine
- Someone in your family has Diabetes
- You have PCOS (for women)
- You are African or Asian American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, or Pacific Islander
When to consult a doctor?
As discussed earlier, Type 2 diabetes gives minimal symptoms for you to notice. Moreover, in most cases, the signs arise after a few years of getting affected by it. So, if you notice any of the above early symptoms in your body, consult the doctor immediately to make sure about your health condition.
It is essential to consult a physician as soon as possible. As if you delay the check-ups, the diabetic condition can take severe turns leading to complex health problems like stroke, kidney damage, eye disease, nerve problem, etc.
If your diabetic condition gets diagnosed early, the treatment becomes a lot easier and less costly. And most importantly, you can get back to your everyday life with little effort.
A healthy diet, proper medication, a healthy lifestyle, and regular self-monitorization with a glucometer can help you a lot with your treatment.
In a nutshell, type 2 diabetes is the most common one because of its slow symptoms. Some common signs are excess hunger and thirst with increased peeping, feeling overtired, and developing dark patches and yeast infections. Sometimes it can also cause you to see things hazy.
However, if these symptoms are ignored in the early stage, its treatment becomes more difficult. So, it is always advisable to consult your doctor if any of the symptoms arise.
Diabetes prevalence Data was collected from NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (http://ncdrisc.org/data-downloads-diabetes.html)
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