In the world, people are diagnosed with various types of cancer every day, which makes it the second most common cause of death. Cancer can affect any part of the body. It has been estimated that in 2021 around 10 million deaths or nearly one in six deaths are caused by cancer. Breast, lung, colon, rectum, and prostate cancer are the most prevalent cancer types. It is revealed that there is an alarming rate of people dying from cancer as they are unable to proceed with treatments and diagnosis. This is due to a lack of equipment as well as many other factors, including poor economic status and poor lifestyle hygiene.
Cancer treatment entails using surgery, radiation, medications, and other therapies to treat cancer, reduce the size of cancer, or stop the spread of cancer. You can get various types of cancer treatments in India if you are a cancer patient. Depending on your specific situation, you may receive just one treatment or a combination of treatments.
In this blog, we’ll discuss the various cancer treatments offered in India and the reasons why people pick them over other countries.
Why do People Choose India for Cancer Treatment in India?
The major goal of cancer treatment in India is to eliminate your cancer and give you a normal life expectancy. Depending on your particular circumstance, this may or may not be possible. If a cure is not possible, your treatments may be used to reduce the size of your cancer or slow its growth in order to prolong your period of symptom-free living.
Cancer treatments in India may be used as:
- Primary Treatment: A primary treatment aims to either completely remove cancer from your body or kill all cancer cells. Any cancer treatment can be used as the first line of defense, but surgery is the most popular primary cancer treatment for the most prevalent cancer types.
You might get one of those treatments as your main course of treatment if your cancer is particularly susceptible to radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
- Adjuvant Therapy: Adjuvant therapy aims to eliminate any cancer cells that might still exist after primary treatment to reduce the chances that the disease will revert back.
Adjuvant therapy can be applied to any cancer treatment. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy are examples of common adjuvant treatments.
- Palliative Treatment: Palliative care can help with cancer-related symptoms as well as side effects from therapy. Symptom relief techniques include hormone therapy, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Other drugs may help with symptoms like pain and shortness of breath.
Palliative care can be administered concurrently with other cancer-curing procedures.
What are the Different Types of Cancer Treatment Available in India?
There are various types of cancer treatment available in India. Your cancer type and stage, general health, and personal preferences are just a few of the variables that will affect your treatment options. You can weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each cancer treatment with the help of your doctor to decide which is best for you.
Some cancer patients will only receive one treatment. However, the majority of patients receive a combination of treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. You have a lot to learn and consider when you need cancer treatment. It’s common to feel overburdened and mystified. However, talking with your doctor and finding out about the potential treatments you could receive can give you a sense of better control.
The following cancer treatment approaches are accessible in India:
Surgery: Surgery is a procedure in which a surgeon removes cancer from your body to treat cancer. During surgery, surgeons frequently cut your body with scalpels, which are tiny, thin knives. Surgery comes in a variety of forms. The types vary depending on the operation’s goals, the body part that needs surgery, the volume of tissue to be removed, and, in some cases, the patient’s preferences.
- Open surgery
- Minimally invasive surgery
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a form of cancer treatment in which drugs are used to eliminate or kill cancer cells. Many different types of cancer are treated with chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy may be the only form of treatment you receive in some cases. However, chemotherapy is typically combined with other cancer treatments.
Hormone Therapy: A cancer treatment called hormone therapy slows or stops the growth of cancer that depends on hormones to thrive. Breast and prostate cancers that depend on hormones for growth are treated with hormone therapy. Most frequently, hormone therapy is combined with other cancer therapies.
Immunotherapy: The cancer-fighting ability of your immune system is enhanced by immunotherapy. Your body’s immune system aids in the fight against diseases and infections. It is composed of lymphatic tissues, white blood cells, and organs. Immunotherapy is one form of biological therapy. Cancer is treated using substances derived from living organisms in a type of therapy known as “biological therapy”.
Radiation Therapy: High doses of radiation are used in radiation therapy, a cancer treatment, to destroy cancer cells and reduce tumor size. Radiation therapy damages cancer cells DNA, which either kills them or slows their growth at high doses. Cancer cells that have DNA damage that cannot be repaired either stop dividing or die. When the damaged cells expire, the body degrades and eliminates them.
Radiation therapy does not instantly kill cancer cells. Before cancer cells experience enough DNA damage to cause them to die, days or weeks of treatment are required. After radiation therapy is finished, cancer cells continue to perish for a few weeks or months.
Targeted Drug Therapy: A form of cancer treatment known as targeted drug therapy goes after the proteins that regulate how cancer cells proliferate, divide, and spread. It serves as the basis for precision medicine. Researchers are better able to develop cancer treatments that target these proteins as they gain knowledge about the DNA alterations and proteins that fuel cancer.
Most patients with certain cancers, such as chronic myelogenous leukemia (also known as CML), will have a target for a particular drug, allowing them to be treated with that drug. But the majority of the time, a test will be required to determine whether your tumor contains targets that a drug is given to you.
Bone Marrow Transplant: The substance inside your bones called bone marrow is where blood cells are created from blood stem cells. Your own bone marrow stem cells or those from a donor can be used in a bone marrow transplant, also known as a stem cell transplantation.
Your doctor can treat your cancer with higher doses of chemotherapy thanks to a bone marrow transplant. Additionally, diseased bone marrow may be replaced with it.
Cryoablation: With this procedure, cancer cells are frozen to death. A thin, wand-like needle (cryoprobe) used in cryoablation is inserted through your skin and right into the cancerous tumor. The cryoprobe is pumped with gas to freeze the tissue. The tissue is then given time to thaw. During the same treatment session, the freezing and thawing procedure is repeated several times to kill the cancer cells.
Making the right treatment choice for you can be challenging. Discuss the treatments with your oncologist based on the type and stage of your cancer. Your doctor can go over the advantages, disadvantages, and side effects of each treatment.
Cancer Hospitals and Oncologists in India
As we all know, cancer occurs when cells divide uncontrollably and spread into surrounding tissues, and it can be devastating for patients and their families. The cost of cancer treatments in India is quite low compared to other countries outside, which is why you should seek treatment in India. A person’s cancer type will determine which surgery they need, as there are several surgeries involved with cancer. In order to receive the best care and expertise, one must visit only the best hospitals for cancer treatment in India..
You can find some of India’s best cancer hospitals as well as some excellent surgeons. India is home to a wide variety of highly advanced medical devices for the treatment of cancer patients. You will be absolutely amazed to know and understand how many patients from different parts of the world are currently coming to India for cancer treatment. For comprehensive cancer care for their cancer patients, Indian hospitals have a specialized “Oncology” department run by a group of knowledgeable cancer surgeons and skilled medical staff. Best oncologists in India have earned degrees like MBBD, M.S. in General Surgery, M.D. in Internal Medicine, or M.D. in General Medicine. After that, they pursue a medical doctorate and a fellowship in their chosen fields of expertise.
Why should you choose India for cancer surgery?
Many different private hospitals are available. The best cancer treatment facilities in India include the Fortis Hospitals Group, Apollo Hospitals Group, Kidwai Memorial Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute, Tata Memorial Hospital Mumbai, and Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital. These facilities are renowned for offering free cancer care to those in need. We @MedsurgeIndia can assist with anything from breast cancer treatment in India to finding the best lung cancer hospital in India.
How Medsurge India can Help?
Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. We’ll find the most suitable medical options for you.
In relation to your medical issues, our team will give you a list of certified, reputable, and trusted doctors as well as hospitals.
Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.
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“Garima Bahar is an experienced scientific and medical content developer. She has studied under brilliant scientists during her higher education and has extensive knowledge of science and healthcare. Guru Jambheshwar University awarded Garima her Master's degree in Science and Technology in Biotechnology. The content of books and articles fascinates her, and she enjoys diving deep into them.